Marine oil and petrochemical terminals (MOPTs), by the nature of materials being handled, may pose risks to the marine and coastal environment, as well as affect health and safety. Risks include oil spills, damage to marine life, toxic fumes or vapour clouds, and the possibility of fires and/or explosions. And, in many cases, these risks are exacerbated by aging infrastructure and components, as well as an inadequate design for the current operations at the terminal. This document provides a set of guidelines and recommendations for the design and assessment of MOPTs to the global community.
The purpose of this document is to provide a uniform set of guidelines for the design, analysis, and maintenance of MOPTs, for new terminals as well as rehabilitation and upgrade of existing facilities.
A principle objective in this document is to provide guidance as to recommended 'best practice'. On certain topics, a 'higher standard' of practice is described to clarify and add context to the recommendations, using the nomenclature 'HS' in parentheses.
These guidelines are applicable to nearshore MOPTs, including liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) terminals. Quays (wharves), jetties (piers) and sea islands are examples of the types of terminals that are covered in this document. Terminals and marine facilities for both liquid bulk and high pressure gas are included. Excluded from this document are liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals and offshore moorings such as single point moorings (SPMs), multi buoy moorings (MBMs), and their associated pipeline end manifolds (PLEMs). However, submarine pipelines from a sea island terminal to shore are included. In addition, offshore floating facilities such as floating production storage and offloading vessels (FPSOs), floating storage and regasification units (FSRUs), etc. are beyond the scope of this document. For such floating facilities, the reader is referred to Oil Companies International Marine Forum (OCIMF) or other applicable industry guidelines.
The guidelines provided in this document focus primarily on the marine terminal infrastructure. The marine terminal infrastructure includes everything from the ship/shore interface to the foreshore area of the terminal. The foreshore area often includes the control room, electrical power supply and distribution, lighting, pig launcher/receiver, parking, security infrastructure, and related facilities. In addition, the scope of the document includes the navigation and approach channel and turning basin areas, which are covered primarily by reference to other established guidance documents on these topics.
Excluded from the scope of this document are the onshore facilities beyond the foreshore, such as the tank farm, onshore pipeline, pumping equipment, and process-related facilities.
The battery limits included in the scope will vary by project and it is recommended that a responsibility matrix be developed for each project to define the responsibilities of each party involved in the design, as well as all the interface points.